Skip to main content
Social mediaSocial mediaSocial media   Social media   Social mediaSocial media   Social media

Types of batteries

Types of batteries and applications

A battery is a device that contains chemical energy, stores it, and converts it into electrical energy. There are some batteries that are made with cells connected in series.

It was Alessandro Volta who invented the battery in 1800. With these batteries, the voltage fluctuated and there was an insufficient current.
Types of batteries

Types of batteries (material)

There are many types of batteries according to construction, size, and usage. But all batteries are the source of DC voltage. The battery capacity depends upon its ampere value.

1- Nickel-cadmium
2 - Lithium ion
3- Zinc-carbon 
4- Silver oxide
5- Lead-acid

Nickel-Cadmium batteries

Nickel-cadmium batteries or NiCad batteries have a long service life and could last for years. But the disadvantage is the toxic material. However, it has the advantage of being unable to overcharge.

Types of batteries

Lithium metal batteries

We use some batteries cell in small devices. We use the single cell in small devices, like digital watches, calculators, and car remotes that are button-shaped. Specifically, these batteries are silver-oxide, alkaline, and lithium-ion batteries.

We know these cells by their Code numbers, e.g. CR2016, CR2060, CR2450. This lithium battery is a metal-type cell with a 3V DC capacity.

Types of batteries

Zinc-carbon batteries

We used it in toys, TV remotes, and clocks. It is a primary cell-type dry battery. It comprises zinc, manganese dioxide, and a carbon rod.

Through chemical reactions, the cell generates voltage. The carbon rod is used as an anode, and zinc is a cathode with negative polarity. AA type 1.5 cell is an example of zinc-carbon.

Types of batteries

Silver-oxide batteries

Silver oxide is a combination of zinc and silver oxide. In these batteries, zinc serves as an anode and silver oxide as a cathode. An example of silver oxide in the battery is a button/coin cell. We use it in watches, calculators, and small electronic devices.
Types of batteries
Types of batteries

Lead-acid batteries

These are acidic batteries, used in vehicles, e.g. cars, buses, trucks, etc. Even though it is widely used with UPS or inverters for electricity for homes. These types of batteries are very sustainable and used for backup power sources.
Types of batteries

Primary Cell

These types of cells can’t recharge. We use them in TV remotes, clocks, and toys. It is a one-time-use cell.

Rechargeable batteries

We know these as secondary batteries or rechargeable batteries. An example of this is a lead-acid battery. The dry type of cell is also rechargeable.

Rechargeable batteries are designed for drill machines, cars and motorbikes, and inverters.

Battery Types by Sizes

1- Button Cell

The Button battery is small and button-shaped. We use it in hand-held calculators, wristwatches, and also toys.

Types of batteries

2- AA batteries

A double-A battery is a small 1.5V cell with long-lasting power. We use AA batteries for small electronic equipment that requires minimal power. We do not use mercury or cadmium in these batteries.
Types of batteries

5- C batteries

C batteries are bigger than AA and AAA batteries but contain the same voltage. Their size is the only difference.
Types of batteries

6- D batteries

D batteries contain 1.5V but have more capacity than AA and AAA. It is bigger(size) and is made of alkaline.
Types of batteries

7- 9V batteries

9V batteries are very famous in many electronic equipment. It has better power than other small cells, so we use it in scales, alarm circuits, and devices that require more power.
Types of batteries

8- 23A batteries 12 volt

This is a small 12-volt battery of 23 Amp capacity. We use dry batteries in radio frequency or Wi-Fi-operated devices. RF-controlled remote required strong voltage to generate a radio frequency signal for switching. This is made with an alkaline material.
Types of batteries

9- Cordless battery

Drill machine batteries consist of cells connected in series. Cordless batteries are lithium-ion types, used in power tools. It comes with 18V, 20V, 36V with 2.0AH, 4.0 AH, 5.0AH, 6.0AH, etc. These batteries are rechargeable and used for the long term.
Types of batteriesTypes of batteries

Car batteries/inverter battery

Car or auto batteries comprise galvanic cells that are connected in series. We categorized them according to their size and ampere capacity. Wet cell batteries contain six cells, filled with sulfuric acid. 

This type of battery life is almost two to three years. The battery replacement chart can also be helpful.
To get the best result, for long battery life, we should clean the terminal against debris. Car battery replacement is not a hard task.

We also know an Inverter battery as an automotive battery. There are different amperage levels, such as 63AH, 70AH, and 80AH.
Other types of best automotive batteries include dry cell types, such as AGM and lithium-ion. The dry battery replacement is very easy because it comes in small sizes.
Types of batteries

Batteries in Serial Vs Parallel

We know that something connected batteries in series and parallel. But what is the reason for the scenario? In a simple example, in TV remote AAA batteries connected in series, increase the voltage from 1.5V to 3V.

So the series connections will increase voltage capacity. Parallel connection of batteries will increase amperage capability. We connected batteries in parallel, just as in industries, to provide a backup for voltage supplies.

Types of batteries

Batteries charging time

The charging depends upon the size of the battery, and also the charging circuit ampere capacity. A drill machine battery will take less time than a car battery. Normally slow charging is better for the batteries' life.

The formula of battery Charging(Lead Acid)

We can find the charging time by using the formula.

Battery charging time =  Battery Amp / current Amp

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Popular posts from this blog

Arduino UNO Pinout with schematic Diagram and Functions

Arduino UNO Pinout and Board components detail The Arduino Uno is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328P. It has a total of 28 pins, including digital I/O pins, analog input pins, and power pins. Below is a detailed description of the pin functions It offers extensive resources and a wealth of project ideas, making it a go-to choice for educational purposes, prototyping, and a myriad of DIY electronics projects. The  Arduino UNO Pins  and function are described here in details.  Arduino Uno  is a standard board of the company, even though other boards, e.g. micro, Nano, mega, Leonardo, 101, Due and Yen.  Arduino also manufactured IoT (Internet of Things), Bluetooth, GSM/3G, Wi-Fi, and motion sensor boards. Arduino uno Specifications Microcontroller : ATmega328P Operating Voltage : 5V Input Voltage (recommended) : 7-12V Digital I/O Pins : 14 (of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs) Analog Input Pins : 6 DC Current per I/O Pin : 20 mA Flash Memory : 32 KB (ATmega328P) of which 0

Electronic components list with Images and Symbols

Electronic components function and details Electronic components are used in electronics circuits. These components might be PCB mounted or integrated type, widely used in electronics devices. Digital computers, control devices in industries and household items containing large number of integrated components. It is essential to know how to identify circuit board parts, whether you are an electronic technician or engineer. We made the electronics devices with integrated chips and circuit components. In circuits, electronic components are used. What are active and passive components? Types of electronic components? There are two major types of electronic components . In electronic circuits, there are active and passive components. 1- Active components 2- Passive components Active components These types of components operate with external power supplies.  Passive components Passive components do not require an external power supply. These components energize with circuit signals. Elec

Arduino sensors and modules list for Projects.

Arduino Sensors for Electronics Projects What is Sensor? A Sensor is a device used as the primary element that measures physical value and converts it into an electrical signal. Also, we can say that the sensor is a transducer. It measures temperature, distance, light, sound, etc. Sensors and actuators are widely used in Arduino projects. These sensors come with a kit or can be purchased separately. Some of them are compatible with Arduino Uno boards and also Raspberry Pi and other electronic modules. There are a lot of types of Arduino sensor kits available in the market. How many types of Arduino Sensors? There are a lot of sensors used in electronics projects , e.g. robotics cars, moving objects, flying drones, IoT(internet of things), sound and light operation, etc. Here is a list of 45 in 1 electronic sensor that comes with an Arduino sensors kit , and the details of their applications. Analog temperature Sensors KY 013 Temperature Sensor KY-013 is an analog temperature sensor

Arduino Kits for beginners in 2024

Arduino Kits for beginners electronics projects Arduino kits are very simple to learn and widely used in electronic projects . You can make your own projects in a few minutes. Making a circuit on a PCB is a hard job, and it requires excellent skills in soldering. Also, it consumes a lot of time. Assembling components is another problem. But electronic portable kits solve the issue. You can gain knowledge from Arduino starter kits on Amazon. It includes project books and different varieties of sensor modules. We directly connect on the breadboard and reconnect in a few steps. Arduino Uno Starter Kit (official) The official starter kit is from the original manufacturer. This is a complete package, including the Arduino Uno kit Manual. This manual has practical images and schematic diagrams to understand well.   The manual covers not only project-making areas; but also information about Arduino IDE software installation on Windows/macOS X and Linux. Every Project/lesson comprises exam

Led Matrix display interface with Arduino uno

LED matrix display pins with Arduino Interface    An 8x8 LED matrix is a grid of 64 LEDs arranged in 8 rows and 8 columns. It is commonly used in  various display and lighting applications, such as digital clocks, scrolling text displays, and graphical displays. Each LED can be controlled individually to create patterns, animations, or characters. I will introduce 788bs as a common anode red color 8x8 LED matrix display m odule. We use it in many electronics displaying items, e.g. electronic clocks. also for moving message displays, displaying games, etc. We use a dot matrix display with an Arduino UNO board directly, sometimes in projects. But for some projects, we use a max7219 chip or 74hc595 for dot matrix driver as required in our projects. led Matrix 8x8 Pin Configuration Each LED matrix can have a slightly different pin configuration, but a common arrangement is as follows: [LED Matrix] Pin 1 - Row 1 Pin 2 - Row 2 Pin 3 - Row 3 Pin 4 - Row 4 Pin 5 - Row 5 Pin 6 - Row 6 Pin

555 Timer IC, Pinout and Function details

555 Timer IC Pinout and applications: We widely used 555 timer IC in electronic projects . This chip has multi-function time-based output signals. We can use 555 IC chips with the Arduino or make separate projects. It is available with different brand names, i.e., LM555, NE555, and SE555. But it is originally manufactured by Texas Instruments. The chip is manufactured in different packages, e.g. SOIC, PDIP, VSSOP. For more details, the 555 timer IC datasheet is available at the Texas official site. We use it for time-based operated siren circuits, control motor speed, and operating led flasher circuits. It can produce a lot of functions, e.g., oscillation, Astable. Bistable, Monostable, flip-flop logic, and pulse width modulation. How 555 Timer work ? You can get a lot of solutions from the chip if you want to understand how it works. There are a lot of timer projects and applications, e.g., timer-controlled circuits, sound, LED flashers, and more. 555 Timer IC Pinout The circuit di

Arduino uno Project for led blinking from start

What is Arduino Uno? The Arduino Uno is an electronic board that has  the ATMEGA 328P microcontroller. It has analog and digital input/output pins. We use it in simple projects, e.g. led lights, and also complicated robotics projects.  Let's  get started with   Arduino Uno  to run our first program. As we use it with different machines e, g. Windows, Apple, Ubuntu, mobile, etc.  as usual Arduino programming is difficult for newbies, but if you get in touch with this Arduino tutorial, it could be helpful. Getting Started with Arduino Here, I will discuss especially the Windows operating system and also a little another operating system. First, I will discuss how to interface with the Windows operating system. Requirements for Arduino setup Arduino Uno            Amazon USB Cable A-B male (usually used for printers)   Amazon Laptop/Desktop with Windows 7, 8, 10 The IDE Software Led (can choose any color)    Amazon Resistance (value of 230 Ω) Amazon   Setup Arduino ide Get the lates

Resistor Calculator with Graphical Chart

Resistor Calculator for measuring resistance Resistor calculator is a very useful tool for anyone working on electronic experiments or projects. It is easy to use and has a simple design. To get resistance for Led voltage drop or your circuit resistance, you can use an online calculator or look up a formula. We can use it for voltage drops or led current limiting. Online resistor calculator It is a simple and easy-to-use online resistor calculator instead of using formulas. It comes with different bands e.g.3 band, 4, 5, and 6 bands. The program calculates resistor values. # Get in touch with more interesting topics ……… 1- How to use a led Matrix with Arduino . 2- Arduino books for projects . 3- Best Arduino kits for beginners . Standard Table For Calculating 4 Band Resistors Online Resistor Calculator (4 Band) Graphical Resistor Calculator Graphical Resistor Calculator is a Free Software to easil

Arduino Apps for genius

  Arduino apps for Android and Windows We know that Arduino Apps is used for programming, but we could run it on Windows and Android. As it depends on the availability of a programming device for our projects. This application also works for the Arduino Bluetooth Android project. These Applications can help to learn and create electronic projects . I will describe the functions and introduction of the following: application and also support systems required to run. List of Arduino programming applications for Android Android Apps for Electronics Solutions. It is an easy-to-use Arduino Application in Apple Android. Arduino Droid app for Mobiles Droid v   4.9.1 . Droid is a short form of Android; it means a robot. The Droid app works on PC and, an example of Arduino Android is also available. It includes IDE, compiler, and up-loader. the mobile memory should be enough, and it can't be set up on an SD card for the Android protection policy. The second picture shows a menu, it l

Contact Form


Email *

Message *