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Types of batteries

Types of batteries and applications

A battery is a device that contains chemical energy, stores it, and converts it into electrical energy. There are some batteries that are made with cells connected in series.

It was Alessandro Volta who invented the battery in 1800. With these batteries, the voltage fluctuated and there was an insufficient current.
Types of batteries

Types of batteries (material)

There are many types of batteries according to construction, size, and usage. But all batteries are the source of DC voltage. The battery capacity depends upon its ampere value.

1- Nickel-cadmium
2 - Lithium ion
3- Zinc-carbon 
4- Silver oxide
5- Lead-acid

Nickel-Cadmium batteries

Nickel-cadmium batteries or NiCad batteries have a long service life and could last for years. But the disadvantage is the toxic material. However, it has the advantage of being unable to overcharge.

Types of batteries

Lithium metal batteries

We use some batteries cell in small devices. We use the single cell in small devices, like digital watches, calculators, and car remotes that are button-shaped. Specifically, these batteries are silver-oxide, alkaline, and lithium-ion batteries.

We know these cells by their Code numbers, e.g. CR2016, CR2060, CR2450. This lithium battery is a metal-type cell with a 3V DC capacity.

Types of batteries

Zinc-carbon batteries

We used it in toys, TV remotes, and clocks. It is a primary cell-type dry battery. It comprises zinc, manganese dioxide, and a carbon rod.

Through chemical reactions, the cell generates voltage. The carbon rod is used as an anode, and zinc is a cathode with negative polarity. AA type 1.5 cell is an example of zinc-carbon.

Types of batteries

Silver-oxide batteries

Silver oxide is a combination of zinc and silver oxide. In these batteries, zinc serves as an anode and silver oxide as a cathode. An example of silver oxide in the battery is a button/coin cell. We use it in watches, calculators, and small electronic devices.
Types of batteries
Types of batteries

Lead-acid batteries

These are acidic batteries, used in vehicles, e.g. cars, buses, trucks, etc. Even though it is widely used with UPS or inverters for electricity for homes. These types of batteries are very sustainable and used for backup power sources.
Types of batteries

Primary Cell

These types of cells can’t recharge. We use them in TV remotes, clocks, and toys. It is a one-time-use cell.

Rechargeable batteries

We know these as secondary batteries or rechargeable batteries. An example of this is a lead-acid battery. The dry type of cell is also rechargeable.

Rechargeable batteries are designed for drill machines, cars and motorbikes, and inverters.

Battery Types by Sizes

1- Button Cell

The Button battery is small and button-shaped. We use it in hand-held calculators, wristwatches, and also toys.

Types of batteries

2- AA batteries

A double-A battery is a small 1.5V cell with long-lasting power. We use AA batteries for small electronic equipment that requires minimal power. We do not use mercury or cadmium in these batteries.
Types of batteries

5- C batteries

C batteries are bigger than AA and AAA batteries but contain the same voltage. Their size is the only difference.
Types of batteries

6- D batteries

D batteries contain 1.5V but have more capacity than AA and AAA. It is bigger(size) and is made of alkaline.
Types of batteries

7- 9V batteries

9V batteries are very famous in many electronic equipment. It has better power than other small cells, so we use it in scales, alarm circuits, and devices that require more power.
Types of batteries

8- 23A batteries 12 volt

This is a small 12-volt battery of 23 Amp capacity. We use dry batteries in radio frequency or Wi-Fi-operated devices. RF-controlled remote required strong voltage to generate a radio frequency signal for switching. This is made with an alkaline material.
Types of batteries

9- Cordless battery

Drill machine batteries consist of cells connected in series. Cordless batteries are lithium-ion types, used in power tools. It comes with 18V, 20V, 36V with 2.0AH, 4.0 AH, 5.0AH, 6.0AH, etc. These batteries are rechargeable and used for the long term.
Types of batteriesTypes of batteries

Car batteries/inverter battery

Car or auto batteries comprise galvanic cells that are connected in series. We categorized them according to their size and ampere capacity. Wet cell batteries contain six cells, filled with sulfuric acid. 

This type of battery life is almost two to three years. The battery replacement chart can also be helpful.
To get the best result, for long battery life, we should clean the terminal against debris. Car battery replacement is not a hard task.

We also know an Inverter battery as an automotive battery. There are different amperage levels, such as 63AH, 70AH, and 80AH.
 
Other types of best automotive batteries include dry cell types, such as AGM and lithium-ion. The dry battery replacement is very easy because it comes in small sizes.
Types of batteries

Batteries in Serial Vs Parallel

We know that something connected batteries in series and parallel. But what is the reason for the scenario? In a simple example, in TV remote AAA batteries connected in series, increase the voltage from 1.5V to 3V.

So the series connections will increase voltage capacity. Parallel connection of batteries will increase amperage capability. We connected batteries in parallel, just as in industries, to provide a backup for voltage supplies.

Types of batteries

Batteries charging time

The charging depends upon the size of the battery, and also the charging circuit ampere capacity. A drill machine battery will take less time than a car battery. Normally slow charging is better for the batteries' life.

The formula of battery Charging(Lead Acid)

We can find the charging time by using the formula.

Battery charging time =  Battery Amp / current Amp

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